Fine American amd European Paintings  - February 2015

[framed image available]

Edward Moran
(American, born England, 1829-1901)
Sailing Ship on the Open Sea
Oil on canvas, 27 1/8 × 22 1/8 inches
Signed at lower left: "EDWARD MORAN"

RS 2968

Edward Moran was born in Bolton, Lancashire, England and immigrated with his family to America at the age of 15, where they subsequently settled in Philadelphia. After having followed his father's trade of weaver, he became a pupil of James Hamilton (1819–1878) and Paul Weber (1823–1916). In 1862, Moran became a pupil of the Royal Academy in London; he established a studio in New York in 1872 and for many years after 1877 lived in Paris. He was a painter of marine subjects and became one of the outstanding representatives of the Philadelphia tradition of marine painting. In 1862, after being elected an academician at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, he went back to England to continue his artistic training and to find new inspiration for his work. Moran eventually returned to Philadelphia, but after a confrontation over the placement of his paintings at the Academy's annual exhibition in 1869, he moved to New York, where he remained for the rest of his life, except for a visit to France in 1879–80.

Moran made frequent sketching trips all along the east coast, producing an occasional landscape but mainly painting the romantic seascapes that were held in such high esteem by his many patrons. He also executed harbor scenes of Philadelphia's Navy Yard, Gloucester, Massachusetts, and Delaware City, Delaware, but his favorite subjects were New York Bay, the Battery, the East River, and the Long Island coast.

Moran was a member of the National Academy of Design, the American Society of Painters in Watercolors, and the Lotos Club, all in New York. He exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy from 1854 to 1888, at the National Academy of Design from 1857 to 1895, at the Boston Athenaeum from 1858 to 1867, at the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia in 1876 (New York Harbor, Moonlight), and at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893. Earlier views of New York Bay were shown at the San Francisco Art Association in 1873 (In New York Harbor) as well as at the Lotos Club (New York Harbor) in 1876. His Unveiling the Statue of Liberty (1886) was shown at the Sesqui-Centennial International Exposition in Philadelphia in 1926, and his work was also included in American Processional, 1492 to 1900, an exhibition organized by the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., in 1950. The Delaware Art Museum in Wilmington held a major Moran retrospective in 1979; the catalogue includes an essay by Paul D. Schweizer (Edward Moran (1829–1901), American Marine and Landscape Painter [Wilmington: Delaware Art Museum, 1979]). His work is in the Wilstach Collection at the Philadelphia Museum of Art and in the Woodmere Art Museum in Philadelphia. His New York Bay (1881) is owned by the Denver Art Museum, and his City and Harbor of New York (1889) is in the Berkshire Museum in Pittsfield, Massachusetts.


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