|Description: ||Signed and dated at lower left: "R. BRUCE CRANE/NY 1881"|
Label on stretcher: (printed) "Loaned to the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts/by" (handwritten in ink) "R. Bruce Crane/" (mix of printed and handwritten) "Register 1881 No 501"
EXHIBITED: The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts The 52nd Annual Exhibition of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (April 4-May 29, 1881) as A Morning: Long Island (no. 150; illustrated)
This painting appears to be the first work that Bruce Crane exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. The pen-and-ink sketch for this composition entitled A Morning, Long Island is in the collection of the Academy (accession number 1981.x.89).
Bruce Crane is one of the best known of the American landscape painters called Tonalists, artists working at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century who—inspired by the French artists of the Barbizon School—were especially interested in depicting atmosphere and the effects of light within a more conservative style and more limited palette than those favored by contemporary artists influenced by the French Impressionists.
Born in New York, Crane studied drafting and architecture there, painting at first only in his spare time. Ultimately he became a full-time artist, opening a studio and studying with Alexander H. Wyant, under whose tutelage he moved from a tight, literal rendering of nature, which probably reflected his background as a draftsman, to a more moody style influenced by Wyant’s Barbizon-inspired canvases and the French originals to which his teacher introduced him.
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