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American & European Paintings - September 2008
 
 
painting
 
Jan van Gool
(Dutch, 1685–1763/65)
Pastoral Scene
Oil on panel, 15 × 21 3/4 inches
Signed and dated at lower left: “J V Gool/1719”
RS 5437


Born in the The Hague, the Dutch landscape painter and biographer Jan van Gool studied with Simon van der Does (1653–1718) and was strongly influenced by Paulus Potter (1625–1654). He joined the Academy in The Hague and took life drawing classes there; he later served for many years as regent of the institution. Van Gool specialized in painting landscapes with cattle and other domestic animals. Although he lacked a formal education, he wrote a collection of artists’ biographies that was intended as a sequel to Arnold Houbraken’s De groote schouburgh der Neder­lantsche konstschilders en schilderessen (1718–1721). His two-volume Nieuwe Schouburgh (1750–1751), which also includes the history of the Academy of The Hague, reflects his desire for young artists to emulate the Dutch masters of the seventeenth century in order to restore the glory of Dutch art, which he felt had degenerated. Van Gool was critical of the art market and engaged in a polemic with a dealer by writing a number of pamphlets.


  


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