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New Jersey Remembered: A Seventy-fifth Anniversary; Philadelphia Collection 75; October 2005
 
 
painting
recto


verso

Hermann Herzog
(1832–1932)
Atlantic City
Pencil on paper, 3 3/4 × 6 inches
Inscribed at lower left: “A. City”
Inscribed on verso at lower left: “A. City”

Herman Herzog was born in Bremen, Germany. He enrolled in the Düsseldorf Academy in 1848, studied with Andreas Achenbach (1815–1910) and Johann Wilhelm Schirmer (1807–1863), and also took private lessons from the Norwegian painter Hans Frederick Gude (1825–1903). Herzog visited Norway in 1855, and the dramatic mountain views he painted there earned him great critical acclaim throughout Europe. He immigrated to the United States around 1870 to escape the political turmoil in Germany and settled in Philadelphia, where his landscapes had been exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts since 1863. Herzog traveled widely throughout the United States over the next sixty years in search of scenic landscapes and intermittently exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy until 1880. By that time he had made a fortune through investments in the Pennsylvania Railroad, and for the remainder of his long career he painted strictly for pleasure in his main studio and residence at 4104 Pine Street in West Philadelphia. Herzog’s later work shows the influence of the French Barbizon painters, and he often painted twilight woodland scenes of picturesque areas around Philadelphia.1

Evidently Herzog, like so many Philadelphia artists represented in this exhibition, vacationed in Atlantic City and made impromptu sketches of picturesque things he encountered on the beach. These undated drawings are from a page in the artist’s sketchbook. The position of Absecon Lighthouse, visible in the background behind the wooden structure at the water’s edge, suggests that Herzog’s vantage point was from Brigantine, looking south across Absecon Inlet.


Notes

1 . Donald S. Lewis, American Paintings of Herman Herzog [exh. cat.] (Chadds Ford, Pa.: Brandywine River Museum, 1992).



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