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Europeans & Americans Abroad; Philadelphia Collection 73; September 2004
 
 
painting
 
Unknown
(English, nineteenth century)
Sir Thomas Hammond
Oil on canvas, 30 × 25 inches
Label (typewritten) on stretcher verso: “SIR THOMAS HAMMOND/Portrait of Sir Thomas/[Ha]mmond, K.G., A.D.C. to/[George?] IV, in black dress, wearing [missing] [ri]band and Order of the Garter/[missing]”
Labels (2, framer, printed) on frame verso: “This frame is the work of/Maurice F. Finken/Aldan/Delaware County/Pennsylvania [ . . . ]”


It has not been possible to verify the identification of the subject of this painting—Sir Thomas Hammond, according to the label attached to the stretcher—although various sources have been consulted, including the National Portrait Gallery in London. There is no Thomas Hammond listed in the Dictionary of National Biography [to 1900] (Oxford, 1921–22). There are several families named Hammond (and one named Hamond) in Burke’s Landed Gentry (but none in Burke’s Peerage), which lists Thomas Hammond of St. Alban’s Court, Nonington, near Dover, Kent, who was a Knight of the Garter (arms granted in 1548 by Barker, Garter King of Arms, during the reign of Edward VI). His descendant, also named Thomas (died before 1652; see Lives of the Regicides), was one of the judges who condemned Charles I. The subject of this portrait could be another Hammond descendant of the time of George IV (1762–1830). Several lists of the Knights of the Garter, England’s most prestigious order, have been lost or destroyed. The most comprehensive list extant is probably a list of all knights from 1348 to 1939, adapted from Edmund H. Fellowes, The Knights of the Garter, 1348–1939 (London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1939), which is a catalogue of the stall-plates in St. George’s Chapel, Windsor. There is no Hammond in the 1939 list.


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