Europeans & Americans Abroad; Philadelphia Collection 73; September 2004

Henri Hayden
(French, born Poland, 1883–1970)
Still Life with a Basket, 1963

Oil on canvas, 15 × 21 3/4 inches
Signed and dated at lower right: “Henri Hayden/63”
Labels (dealer) on frame verso: (printed) “THE WADDINGTON GALLERIES/11 Cork Street, London[ . . . ]”/(typewritten) “Nature Morte au Panier c. 1962[ . . . ]”
PROVENANCE: Waddington Galleries, London; Benjamin Bernstein, Philadelphia [Note: The present frame is probably original to the painting and probably dates from an exhibition mounted by Waddington Galleries sometime after Bernstein, an important Philadelphia collector of twentieth-century paintings, first the acquired the work.]
EXHIBITED: Waddington Galleries, London

After first studying to be an engineer in his native Warsaw, Henri Hayden completed his training at the Academy of Fine Arts there. In 1907 he arrived in Paris, where he remained for the rest of his life, except during the Second World War, when he moved from town to town until France was liberated. During his first years in Paris, he worked in isolation, gradually becoming acclimated to Parisian art and society. He studied very briefly with Georges Desvalières (1861–1950) and Charles Guérin (1875–1939). In 1909 he exhibited a painting for the first time, at the Salon d’Autumne. A trip to Britanny in 1911 proved a breakthrough for Hayden and was followed by a productive period that culminated in his first participation in a group show, at the Galerie Druet. In 1913 he showed in his first of many exhibitions at the Salon des Indépendents. A Parisian dealer liked Hayden’s paintings in the show and offered him a contract for all his future work; unfortunately, the gallery soon closed at the outbreak of the First World War, never to reopen. During this period, Pablo Picasso (1881–1973), Juan Gris (1887–1927), and Jacques Lipchitz (1891–1973) were among the artists in Paris who were developing Cubism, and a painting by Hayden, Three Musicians (Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris), was included with theirs in a special gallery at the 1920 Salon des Indépendents. Cubism proved a dead-end for Hayden, and during the 1930s and 1940s, he painted realistic landscapes. His style continued to evolve into a personal synthesis of Realism and Cubism over the next forty years, during which he exhibited extensively in France and abroad. His paintings are in museums worldwide.


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